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Female reproductive system

The female reproductive system consists of ovaries, Fallopian tubes and uterus.

Ovaries produce hormones that affect the smooth functioning of the gonads, the genital tract, the mammary gland, and in general sexual behaviour.
These hormones, called steroidal, are also involved in regulating the development and release of the egg cell during the ovulation phase.
In all women of childbearing age, monthly, and in a cyclic manner, the production of female egg cells takes place in the female ovaries (oogenesis). At the end of this cycle, which in the human species has an average duration of 28 days, if an egg is not fertilised, it is expelled during menstruation, along with the uterus lining (endometrium), which thickens in the first part of the cycle as a result of increased oestrogens, in order to get ready for a possible conception.

Menstruation
and the days preceding it are often characterised by discomfort or pain, which in the most acute cases may also affect and limit the daily activities of a woman and her social life.

The term dysmenorrhea is generically referred to all those hassles, more or less intense, that plague many women of childbearing age such as lower abdominal pain and/or nausea, often associated with stabbing pain in the back and altered mood.

Premenstrual syndrome, which occurs on average 7-10 days before menstruation, presents a very different set of symptoms whose onset and intensity may vary from person to person: breast tenderness, bloating, leg or, more rarely, arm swelling, headache, anxiety, nervousness and depression in some cases.

All of these symptoms can vary from person to person and are influenced not only by hormonal balance but sometimes even by external factors, such as medication consumption or periods of stress.

To relieve the typical hassles of the menstrual period, it may be useful to supplement your diet with specific herbal products such as black cohosh, lovage, ginger, yam and chaste tree.

Another very critical stage in a woman's life is that of pregnancy and breast-feeding, during which the fluctuation in the level of oestrogens may be responsible for a series of changes, both physical and mental.

During pregnancy, it may be advisable for the future mother, to take a supplementation of folic acid, which is essential for the growth of maternal tissues, in synergy with other nutrients, such as iron and vitamins B2, B6, B12, which can promote the formation of normal red blood cells and the reduction of tiredness and fatigue.

As a support to the period following breast-feeding instead, it may be useful to take supplements containing Goat's rue, which can have a galactogogue action and promote milk production in women who are breastfeeding.

The permanent cessation of menstruation and childbearing or menopause, is also a very delicate period of transition in a woman's life, during which the body is subject to a number of changes resulting from the failure to produce oestrogens.Even in this case, symptoms can be different and vary from woman to woman (hot flushes, depression, sleep disorders, muscle pain and, over time, decrease in bone mass at the origin of osteoporosis). To relieve menopause discomfort, a valuable support can come from a supplementation based on phyto-oestrogens (contained for example, in soy), or other elements, such as sage, black cohosh, red clover, also in synergy with calcium, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, zinc, and vitamins C, D and K, which are useful for contributing to the maintenance of normal bone.

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